Martial Arts include a wide range of activities from various fighting techniques, mental and physical exercise, to methods of spiritual development and growth such as meditation. People practice these kind of sports all from different reasons – learning to fight or defend themselves in case of an attack, winning at competitions, fitness, choreography, health reasons or for entertainment only, one thing is certain this is a great way to spend time and learn something new. Some of these activities are considered Olympic sports like Judo and Boxing besides Olympics there are organized World Championships in Judo, Fencing and Karate.
Styles of Martial arts are numerous , maybe the most interesting classification is the one on unarmed and weapon based fighting techniques. Unarmed martial arts can be classified on those based on strikes, grappling or hybrid martial arts which are a combination of two. Martial arts based on strikes include punching that is typical for Boxing, kicking – typical for Taekwondo and Savate and others using strikes like Karate, Muay Thai. Grappling martial techniques include throwing (Judo, Sumo) chokeholds, submission holds (Aikido, Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu), pinning techniques (Judo, Wrestling). In weapon-based fighting arts the most commonly used weapons are melee weapons, bladed weapons and polearms. Kenjutsu and Kendo are martial arts in which practitioners use swords, weapon for Bojutsu is staff and for Kyudo archery.
Brazilian JiuJitsu as one of the most popular martial arts nowadays is one worth mentioning, it is a full contact, grappling and ground fighting martial art and a combat sport. BJJ was formed from Kodokan Judo. Brazilian JiuJitsu promotes the idea that a weaker and smaller man can defeat bigger and stronger one if he respects rules of the BJJ and uses proper technique. The moves that make Brazilian JiuJitsu so famous are surely submission holds, joint locks and chokes.
Uniform used for Brazilian JiuJitsu is the gi and it is required during trainings, other term for gi is kimono, and it’s used to describe the whole outfit or just the jacket. For International championship competitors must have blue, black or white gi. New trend in Brazil is training so called “no gi” Brazilian JiuJitsu.
Junior practitioners are the ones up to 16 years old, and colors and order of the belts they can get are white, yellow, orange, green, blue, purple, brown and black, for adults (16 years old and over) white, green, blue, purple, brown, and black belt grades for 19 years old and older are black, black and red, and red.
The ability to relax is very important for training JiuJitsu so you don’t become exhausted or injured during your practice, you have to keep an open mind for obtaining this skill and you must not think about winning or losing, it will just slow you down. Also, you should be really careful while practicing JiuJitsu moves because sometimes one small wrong move is all it takes to break a bone or knock someone out. If you are ready for this kind of risk and dedication Brazilian Jiujitsu is the right martial art for you.